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Indian Politics And My View

India is a country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the world. India is a country of ancient times and unlimited natural resources. Its ancient culture, the rivers, mountains and vegetation, not to forget its exotic spices, make the country a wonderful place to visit or to live. Spread over an area of 32,87,2631 sq. km, India is the 7th largest country in the world. Broadly, India is divided into six major zones: East India, West India, North India, South India, Northeast India and Central India.

Politics in India takes place within the framework of a federal Westminster-style Parliamentary democratic constitutional republic, in which the President of India is head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the President and is independent of the legislature. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. Federal and state elections generally take place within a multi-party system, although this is not enshrined in law. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, the highest national court being the Supreme Court of India. India is the largest democracy in the world. India has the biggest number of people with franchise rights and the largest number of political parties, which take part in election campaign. In the 1996 national elections, almost 600 million people voted and an average of 26 candidates competed for each of the 543 territorial constituency seats.
Elections are held at different levels. The two major election levels are at national level, after which the national government is established and at state level after which the state government is established. Elections are also held for city, town and village councils. There are different political issues in Indian politics. Some are national level and some regional level. Some communities just demand more economical and social rights for their communities. While others demand more autonomy for their cultures within the Indian states. Some demanded autonomous states within the Indian Union, while the others demanded to be independent from India. With all its problems India survives as a single state with democratic character. But a number of political problems still exist and remain unsolved in India.

The growing criminalization and corruption of politics in India, the desire of the masses of people to put an end to it and the inability of the bourgeoisie to provide any solution, reflect the acuteness of the crisis of Indian parliamentary democracy. It is a factor that is contributing to the further deepening of the crisis of political theory and practice in India.

The domination of the polity by criminal and corrupt parties and individuals has become an accepted fact in the fiftieth year of the Indian Republic. The response of the ruling circles is to lament about it, on the one hand, and to use the occasion to settle scores with their rivals, on the other hand. As a result of the acute rivalry, leading political figures of the major parties in the Parliament are getting exposed for corrupt and criminal deeds, one after another. However, the quality of the system remains the same. The economy continues to be a system of plundering the land and labour of the people by Indian and international monopolies, while political power continues to reside in the hands of an exclusive caste of politicians and “recognized” political parties, to the exclusion of the vast majority.

The criminalization of politics is a reflection of, and a factor that aggravates the crisis of the political system, which in turn is rooted in the economic crisis of Indian capitalism. Only a qualitative change that transforms the system from its very roots can resolve this crisis in favour of the people.
In the realm of political theory, enlightened Indian minds need to reject the notion of the State as a trustee and thereby negate the need for the European political institutions that have been implanted on Indian society. They have to develop modern Indian political theory and institutions that would enable the Indian people to govern themselves and to get rid of capitalism and all forms of exploitation and oppression of persons by persons.
In the sphere of practical politics, the broad masses of people need to assert their right to control the selection of candidates, demanding that this cannot be left in the hands of political parties. United political action on this question would be an important step in the direction of empowering the people so as to achieve the qualitative transformation of society.

Our political leaders are corrupted, selfish, money eater, obsessive about political chairs, they are not bothered about public who elected them. Actually our country has many resources for up-gradation to become Number one in world, but due to these political Leaders competition we lack in every thing. We have to wish India could come back to a peaceful and truthful country.

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